Debunking "The Exodus Decoded"

The Papyrus of Ani, a New Translation

ipuwer papyrus dating

Mega voltages of electric currents flow up to the surface of the earth between the positive and the negative poles. Some scientist are saying today that we are still seeing the formation of what will eventually be another sea, such as the Atlantic , in which the rifting causing the separation of the African and the Arabian tectonic plates will eventually be torn away and the Indian Ocean will flood away making the easternmost corner of Africa, called the Horn of Africa, a large island. How was God going to answer their charges? Some have suggested this reflects a homosexual relationship; although it is disputed that the text relates to Pepi II at all. We see that with the historical revisionism that is occurring in this country when we compare contemporary historical texts with those written almost years ago. Evidence of the Israelite Destruction of Ai?

Comprehensive Index to the Earth Chronicles by Zecharia Sitchin

With this date could have Tuthmoses talked to Moses and Araon on his way back from Meggido to Thebes? Who determined its measurements? The earthquakes that accompanied the Mount Sinai experience produced an incessant noise and groaning as the continental plates rocked and swayed, grinding against each other. The channels of the sea were seen oceanic rift systems , the foundations continental tectonic plates of the world were uncovered. The Korites as Levites were given a specific role and responsibility; to the ministry of music of God in the sanctuary service see the Psalms of the sons of Korah in Psalms 42, , 84, 85, 87, and Jacobovici does not explain. The burials are from the early 18th Dynasty, after the expulsion of the Hyksos.

Beds and headrests, chairs and tables, baskets, chests, mats, lamps Search new window Printout For best results save the whole page pictures included onto your hard disk, open the page with Word 97 or higher, edit if necessary and print. The majority of Egyptians did not have many belongings that had to be hidden away , so a chest or two or a few baskets would furnish plenty of storing space.

Tables were rarely used. Even scribes, more affluent than the average Egyptian, did not write their scrolls sitting at a table, but generally squatted on the floor, holding a wooden board, on which the papyrus was spread, with one hand and writing with the other.

Kitchen work was done crouching with the cooking utensils laid out on the floor. In many houses there would be a few low stools, but people often sat simply on the ground. And while the wealthy slept on beds, the poor had to make do with a mattress filled with straw or wool, a mat or even the plain floor. These frames were put together using tenons and mortises. Beds were at times decorated with images of protective household deities such as Bes or Taweret.

A number of bed frames have survived as have a few foldable camping beds; double beds are known from clay models and canopies from depictions. No mattresses have been found, although pictures of them exist.

Making the bed by covering it with the bed sheet and setting up the head rest symbolize the coming union. The deceased is referred to as "He of the made bed", while the woman being impregnated is "She of the head rest", i.

It has been proposed that little cushions were placed on the headrests to soften them, [ 17 ] but this conjecture is purely speculative. They often supported the heads of mummies or were placed in the tomb near or under the head of the mummy, at times in conjunction with a hypocephalus , and as symbols of rebirth they figure more prominently in graves than any other piece of everyday furniture.

Three legged wooden table. Around BCE Source: Their use does not seem to have been widespread, apart from their being placed in tombs as offering tables.

In funerary depictions these offering tables for the dead are laden with food. Pictures of feasting scenes show similar abundance; the rich liked to spread out their food on tables for all to see, though possibly not for all to enjoy: Sometimes they were covered with cloth or leather, were made of carved wood like this chair on the right from the tomb of Tutankhamen.

They were much lower than today's chairs, with their seats sometimes only 25 cm high. In the households of common people it was generally only the master of the household who sat on a chair, if there were chairs at all.

Among the better-off they might be painted to look like the ornate inlaid and carved chairs of the rich, but the craftsmanship was generally poor. The homes of the rich were well appointed. The furnishings of the house of Tabubu, daughter of the prophet of Bastet, in the story of Setne Khamwas and Naneferkaptah were luxurious: Setne walked up the stairs of the house with Tabubu. He found the upper story of the house swept and adorned, its floor adorned with real lapis-lazuli and real turquoise.

Many couches were in it, spread with royal linen, and many golden cups were on the table Incense was put on the brazier; ointment was brought to him of the kind provided for Pharaoh. The average Egyptian family did not have many possessions which were not in daily use, but the little there was had to be put away. Baskets were often used for this purpose. They may not have kept rodents at bay for long, but they were cheap to make and light to carry. Their construction could be quite sophisticated.

Chest found in Tutankhamen's tomb. Cupboards were not used in the home although the principle of the cupboard was known and applied in religious shrines. The rich kept their utensils and jewellery in storage chests made from alabaster, wood and other materials, sometimes painted or otherwise embellished, like the decorated chest from Tutankhamen's tomb on the right depicting the king riding in a chariot.

Flanges or pegs glued to the lids and inserted into appropriate holes in the chests' walls kept them in place. In order to lock the chests strings were tied to knobs on the lid and chest and sealed with clay seals. In the first dynasties these were generally legs and hooves of bulls picture on the left. This bull's hoof is made of ivory and the pronounced muscles point to a Mesopotamian influence.

Earthquake and Volcano Eruptions. Yet the Anatolian Plate is sliding east and west along the Eurasian Plate. As can be imagined, this is a very unstable part of the world and the site of some of the major catastrophic disasters recorded in the history of man. The yellow circles are areas where earthquakes greater than 7. Thou didst cause the deeps to tremble and didst alarm the spheres.

Box , in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigraphy of the Old Testament, ed. Velikovsky on Exodus and Mount Sinai: Twisting of strata and building of mountains, earthquakes and rumbling of volcanoes joined in an infernal din. It was a voice not only in the desert of Sinai; the entire world must have heard it. One of the quickest ways to see the handprint of the Lord of hosts with his people, the children of Israel is to look at their history of catastrophes and how they perceived the Lord becoming involved in their lives.

Let us look at eighteen examples. In the Book of Genesis, the record depicts that the waters over the face of the earth were collected into oceanic basins and the continents appeared. And God called the dry land Earth , and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good. For the global shifts to take place with the uplifting of the continental plates and the subduction of the heavier basaltic plates, earthquakes and volcanic activity were involved in this remodeling of the surface of the earth.

To the BibleSearchers, this involved the formation of a Pangaean Garden of Eden, the philosophical basis of geology. At your rebuke they fled; at the voice of Your thunder they hastened away.

They went up over the mountains. They went down into the valleys , to the place which You founded for them the seas and oceans. You have set a boundary that they may not pass over , that they may not return to cover the earth.

According to scripture the angelic world was involved if nothing more than an observational and supporting role in the creation event. Tell Me if you have understanding.

Who determined its measurements? OR who stretched the line upon it? To what were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? And the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.

The flooding came from two sources, from the top down rain and the bottom up rupturing of the tectonic plates. A good source to understand this process is an article by geologist and sedimentologist Art Chadwich Ph.

Noah and the Great Flood is presently on the website in a five part series under World of the Ancients. With our present understanding of the continental plate tectonics , this massive catastrophic event was caused in part by earth rending earthquakes and volcanoes.

The Days of Peleg. Book of Jasher 7: And the name of the second was Yoktan, meaning that in his day the lives of the sons of men were diminished and lessened.

Peleg was the fifth generation descendant from Noah. A literal interpretation is always preferred unless the Lord of hosts claims that it is symbolic and especially if the symbol is interpreted. The clues are right in front of our eyes. Comparing the textual references from Genesis to the Book of Jasher, we see a subtle difference and a marked contrast. On the other hand , his brother, Joktan , the upheavals resulting in the cataclysmic changes that altered the environment around the earth resulted in the marked diminishing of the length of the lives of his descendants.

Whereas the fountains of the deep were broken up in the Flood of Noah , the one continent world, known in geological terms as Pangaea, was still intact. A human, in the days of Noah and Jared could walk from the eastern coast of China , across Eurasia, the continent of the Americas without having to cross any oceans.

We will be talkin g about this continent called Pangaea later in The Catastrophic Destruction of Pangaea. So He overthrew those cities, all the plain, all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground. But his wife looked back behind him, and she became a pillar of salt. And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where he had stood before the Lord. Then he looked towards Sodom and Gomorra h and towards all the land of the plain and He saw, and behold, the smoke of the land which went up like the smoke of a furnace.

The catastrophe at the Vale of Siddim , the valley of the cities of the plains has every. Unknown to Abraham, he was a living witness for only a few miles away the formation of the largest rift or fissure in the mantle of any continent on this earth was in progress, the Great Rift of Africa.

We do not know whether this rifting began at the border of Lebanon and went south or began at the southwestern coastline of Africa at Beira , on the coast Mozambique at the fracture point of where the unique island of Madagascar split off the African continent.

So did this rift work up through the Red Sea to the Vail of Siddim? Vigil from This Dynamic Planet -- a wall map produced jointly by the U. Geological Survey, the Smithsonian Institution, and the U. The mile 6, kilometers length of the Great Rift Valley dwarfs the famous miles of the San Andreas rift along the California coast and maintains an average width of 30 — 40 miles.

Geologists date the rift to the era of the Pliocene Epoch. It was caused by a deep, linear, transcurrent or what is called a strike-slip fault along the Arabian and the African Plates. Yet the geologists date is to some 2 million to 7 million years ago.

So what are creationists to think? To Setterfield, the speed of light has slowed down 10 million times 10,, to its present stable state of , miles per second.

The issue of light-speed in the early cosmos is one that has received some attention recently in several peer-reviewed journals. Starting in December , the Russian physicist V. Troitskii from the Radiophysical Research Institute in Gorky published a twenty-two page analysis in Astrophysics and Space Science regarding the problems cosmologists faced with the early universe.

He looked at a possible solution if it was accepted that light-speed continuously decreased over the lifetime of the cosmos, and the associated atomic constants varied synchronously. He suggested that, at the origin of the cosmos, light might have traveled at 10 10 times its current speed, or 1 billion times faster. He also concluded that the cosmos was static and not expanding. Recent work by Dr. Thomas Van Flandern of the US Naval Observatory in Washington examined data from lunar laser ranging using atomic clocks , and compared their data with data from dynamical, or orbital, clocks.

From this comparison of data , he concluded that. Presumably, if the result has any generality to it, this means that atomic phenomena are slowing down with respect to dynamical phenomena " [71]. Van Flandern was also involved in setting the parameters for running the clocks in the Global Positioning System of satellites used for navigation around the world.

When he compared his clock determinant with the dynamic standard, it showed that the atomic phenomenon was slowing up to the year of Setterfield took this information and recalculated the historical story of man as recorded in the Bible.

As such he was able to define a relationship between the dates of biblical historical time of the age of man and compare it with atomic or geological time. In this instance, millions years in geological time would be the years of Peleg and Reu , when the scripture stated that in the days of Peleg, the earth was divided. The implications are that this rifting began about five generations before Abraham and finished at the time of the destruction of the Sodom and Gomorrah.

The works of Barry Setterfield Ph. The following is a time chart on the age of the patriarchs of the Old Testament in historical and geological times. Barry Setterfield's Old Testament Chronology.

Age at Birth of son and son's name. Light Speed times present value. Approximately years after Creation or about BC. All along this great rift system from the Jordan River to southeastern Africa are evidence of deep depressions and wall-like cliffs as it carves a deep scar into the surface of the earth. All along this depression are relics of extinct or dormant volcanoes, evidence of the action of three tectonic plates moving away from each other.

What we do know from Biblical records is that the Vail of Siddim was already a valley and a fresh water lake fed by the runoff of Mount Herman dow n the Jordan River. In the arena where the Great Rift splits into a Western Rift it hosts some of the deepest lakes in the world up to 1, meters deep and between it and the western wall is a depression hosting the second largest inland body of water , the famous Lake Victoria filled with up to to centimeter of rain per year.

Atlantic Ridge under the Atlantic Ocean. Like the Atlantic Ridge , the Great Rift is actually part of a mid-oceanic ridge system consisting of submerged mountain ranges encircling the globe. The Mediterranean Sea in the days of the antediluvians was known as the Valley or the Veil of the River of Styx , which itself is has over megalithic sites of ancient cities submerged within its waters.

Mount Kilimanjaro in Kenya. Yet, in the Mau Escarpment in Kenya , the mountain ranges rise in spectacular walls as high as 9, feet 2, meters above the valley floor. This lake is a soda lake near the Gelai Caldera in Tanzania and the home of the firebird , called the flamingo. Due to huge underground springs, a flooded valley can be heated up to a degrees which would cook a flamingo settling into its waters.

These underground cauldrons are an indication of the giant lava flumes circulating under the raft. Commercially the lakes are harvested for sodium carbonate used in making paper, ceramics and glass. Here the first watersheds of the famous Nile River begin, coming from the lakes Albert, Edward, Kivu, and T anganyika and the Virunga-Rwenzori forest and mountain range that serve as among the first watersheds for the Nile River.

The slipping of the plates is a continuing process. Abraham was an early witness to this massive geological phenomenon but the earthquakes that we will discuss later will be a continuation of this same process. In the Jordan valley , the major fault lines runs and is still active. The effects have left dramatic cliffs and the continuous threat of earthquakes.

Flamingos on Lake Natron. Left in the same position as the Dead Sea, the Kenyan rift valley is the largest and deepest , also with no outlet into the sea. Its lakes are shallow and with the evaporation of the water, it leaves behind salts with high soda content. Lake Magadi is almost solid soda whereas Lakes Nakuru and Elmenteita have substantial soda flats. Yet nearby the Lakes Turkana and Baringo have fresh underwater springs and the water stays fresh enough to maintain a rich fish population that supports a large variety of bird, fish and plant life.

Even today there is still some seismic activity. The major and most dramatic mountains are volcanic in origin such as Mt. Kenya which was once higher than Mt.

Kilimanjaro , which is geologically younger , Mt. Elgon , the Virunga Volcanoes and the Crater Highlands. In Virunga, Zaire in , the world witnessed this eruption. Some scientist are saying today that we are still seeing the formation of what will eventually be another sea, such as the Atlantic , in which the rifting causing the separation of the African and the Arabian tectonic plates will eventually be torn away and the Indian Ocean will flood away making the easternmost corner of Africa, called the Horn of Africa, a large island.

Flamingos over Lake Natron. In , just before the Virunga, Zaire volcano, scientists noted the formation of volcanic cones along the inlet called Ghoubet Kharab, "the devil's throat," in Djibouti. Here we see the same formations noted at the bottom of the Atlantic Rift, called seamounts. Yet in the land of Abraham , the evidence shows that the geologically youngest rocks are found in the Rift Valley. These include soft siltstones, mudstones which have replaced the extensive valley of beautiful lake once upon a time called the Valley of Siddim and the home of Lot, the nephew of Abraham.

Recently scientists have been watching the molten core at the center of the earth. What is known is that the core of the earth, smaller than the crust of the earth spins at a faster rate. This spinning will cause the soft magma to twist and spiral and feeds like an electric generator.

Mega voltages of electric currents flow up to the surface of the earth between the positive and the negative poles.

As such the magnetic field surrounding the earth is produced by the electric current flowing upwards from the molten core within this planet. Recent evidence of hot spots within the Pacific Ocean which are causing the El Nino and the El Nina planetary weather changes are a result of this dynamic process in the center of the earth. The Plagues in Egypt. It was here that Moses led his people, the children of Jacob, out of the land of Egypt.

He set them marching towards their Promise Land , the land of Canaan. This was close to the time of the 13 th dynasty in the Middle Kingdom and just prior to the chaos in the land when the Hyksos invaders took over the land of the Nile River. The plagues as recorded in Exodus record a phenomenon that eventually wrecked the economy and military power of Egypt, wiping out the 13 th dynasty and allowing foreign rule to take over the land of Egypt.

In the archives in Leiden, Netherlands , a papyrus document called the Ipuwer Papyrus gives what appears to be an Egyptian account of the Hebrew Exodus. Let us look at a comparison of this amazing papyrus and the Exodus account of Moses and the children of Israel leaving Egypt. The nomes are laid waste. A foreign tribe from abroad has come to Egypt. That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof?

Years of noise [hrw]. There is no end to noise. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax. Oh, that the earth would cease from noise and tumult be no more! Oh, that the earth would cease from noise, and tumult uproar be no more.

But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: Its burning goes forth against the enemies of the land. Tents are what they make like the dwellers of the hills Israelites fled and became tent dwellers. The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong by right wheat and barley, geese and fish. The storehouse of the king is the common property of everyone. Is this an Egyptian estimate of the number of fleeing Israelites? They have come to an end for themselves.

There are none found to stand and protect themselves. So how did the Israelites accumulate their immense wealth? According to Ipuwer , the children of Israel had common access to all the stored wealth of gold and jewels and all the relics of veneration in the temple of Egypt at their disposal.

The Papyrus Ipuwer We had a king called Tutimaeus. In his reign it happened. I do not know why God was displeased with us. Then unexpectedly from the regions of the East, came men of unknown race. Confident of victory they marched against our land.

By force they took it, easily, without a single battle. Keller, W, The Bible as History , p. Here at this historic junction, Egypt was entirely defenseless. Forty years prior they had conquered Nubia.

Now with the armies of Egypt at the bottom of the Red Sea , the pharaoh and the mighty men of Egypt rested. Whereas Egypt was overtaken by foreigners, it was truly Acts of God which destroyed the entire land. Devastation in the Mediterranean. On August 26, , the world witnessed the largest volcanic explosion in modern times on the Island of Krakatoa near Java and Sumatra. Here are a few accounts of this massive explosion. It could be heard as much as 3, miles away on Rodrigues Island in the Indian Ocean.

Vibrations shattered shop windows 80 miles off. The energy; released in the main explosion has been estimated to be equivalent to an explosion of megatons of TNT. Other shops, miles off, reported that they were covered with dust three days after the end of the eruption. In fact the dust cloud completely shrouded the area , so that it was dark even miles away from the epicenter. The period of darkness lasted twenty-four hours in places miles distant and fifty-seven hours 50 miles away.

The black-out in the immediate vicinity continued for three days and was so total that not even lamp-light could penetrate it. Stunningly beautiful sunsets were observed during the winter months in both American and Europe, thanks to the suspension of fine particles of dust in the atmosphere. Doumas Thera - Pompeii of the Ancient Aegean , p.

Each dwarfed the great explosion of the Krakatoa Volcano in The Thera eruption on the Island of Santorini. In the fifteenth century another famous volcano exploded , this one on the Island of Santorini, called Thera. Today this island is a remnant of its former glory with a sunken crater in the center.

Yet the archeological evidence depicts that this volcanic explosion swept southeast from the Aegean Sea, across the Mediterranean to the coast of Egypt, Sinai, southern Canaan and into Arabia. According to the VCI, the volcanic index VEI , as recognized in the Journal of Geophysical Research 87, , a volcano is estimated as to the explosive magnitude for historical volcanism. The Thera eruption occurred according to the dating of pottery in the fifteenth century time frame, or well within the traditional dates of BCE for the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.

Classical literature leaves the following tale of the great explosion of Thera. It presentl y extends down as much as meters below sea level inside of the wall of cliffs which ring it and which themselves rise up as much as meters above sea level. If the chamber collapse was sudden, the flow of water must have generated tidal waves to the north and southwest. The Eruption of Thera on the Island of Santorini. Its open mouth faces west, toward Thera, and anyone living behind that mouth might just as well have been a flea located in the throat of a cannon.

As the shock wave surged east between increasingly confined shorelines, the waters piles higher and higher until at last they became a foaming white mountain eight hundred feet tall. The wave penetrated thirty miles inland , in the general direction of Mount Ararat ; and when it receded, it dislodged house-sized boulders, scoured the soil and carved out channeled scablands. Elsewhere, on a strip of Turkish coast only ninety miles north of the funnel, the wave seems to have risen barely twenty feet high.

Tsunamis are like that - capricious. It was the Greek playwright who wrote sometime between BCE. Zeus' hollow thunder boomed, awful to hear. The horses lifted heads towards the sky And pricked their ears; while strange fear fell on us, Whence came the voice. To the sea-beaten shore We looked, and saw a monstrous wave that soared Into the sky, so lofty that my eyes Were robbed of seeing the Scironian cliffs.

It hid the isthmus and Asclepius' rock. Then seething up and bubbling all about With foaming flood and breath from the deep sea, Shoreward it came to where the chariot stood. This is precisely what one would expect if the poet had recorded the memory of Bronze Age Tsunamis in the western Aegean, which was spared the added calamity of Thera's death cloud. Any re-interpretation of this event must be in light of the cosmic, atmospheric and catastrophic tectonic changes with earthquakes and volcanoes in the land of Egypt.

Moses Crossing the Sea of Reeds.

Imsges: ipuwer papyrus dating

ipuwer papyrus dating

I used to wonder how accurate my Bible is.

ipuwer papyrus dating

It was he who made the Ark Ex

ipuwer papyrus dating

I am ipuwer papyrus dating curious is the date for Solomon concrete at ? But ancient Bible sources differ in regards ipuwer papyrus dating when Rachel actually became his wife. If anyone can let me know I would appreciate the help. They went to Egypt with Jacob Ge. Korahs rebellion against Moses. Sinai to the site of ancient Madyan at modern Al-Bad extend at least to the time of the oldest portions of BC.