Sphinx water erosion hypothesis - Wikipedia

Sphinx water erosion hypothesis

sphinx dating controversy

Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont, California. Cut from the bedrock , the original shape of the Sphinx has been restored with layers of blocks. Married to hear a younger men and health tips. One proponent of the haloclasty process is Dr James A. Graham Hancock Sphinx Controversy , Graham Hancock discusses the evidence that clearly shows the Sphinx was wrongly dated by several thousand years. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Sphinx of Giza.

At least 4,500 years - but some say it goes back 9,000 years

What are the advantages and disadvantages to dating a younger guy?. Since , several new articles and books have examined aspects of the Sphinx controversy. He believes that he can do better with his own methodology. Inner Traditions International, New York. Schoch , a geologist and associate professor of natural science at the College of General Studies at Boston University , and John Anthony West , an author and alternative Egyptologist. Zahi Hawass was also in part supported and patronized by members of the A. Roberts, , River in the Desert, p.

Furthermore, chambers and tunnels under the Sphinx would have been flooded from above if the Sphinx had been sitting in a pool of water, unless the Sphinx Enclosure had been watertight. Admittedly some of my early problems with the Egyptological community seem to have stemmed from the fact that I was introduced, by way of a colleague Dr.

Robert Eddy, at the time a fellow faculty member at my college , to the problem of the Sphinx by the notorious John Anthony West. I begrudgingly got involved in the whole controversy as a favor to a couple of fellow faculty members. Then, much to my surprise, I discovered that West might actually be on to something, even if he got a few details wrong but then West has no formal training as a geologist. So what if West has authored a book on astrology [6] and propounds other unorthodox views?

In the tight, virtually closed world of Egyptology I soon learned otherwise. It seemed that everything was politically and psychologically charged. Indeed, even some scholars well entrenched within the Egyptological establishment have New Age connections.

It is common knowledge [10] that Dr. According to Edgar Cayce, as reviewed by Lehner, the Sphinx and pyramids were built ca. Interestingly, not only Lehner has former A. Zahi Hawass was also in part supported and patronized by members of the A. Maybe it is because of their former connections that they are so sensitive about such issues. I, on the other hand, having never had such connections in the first place, worry little about where the inspiration for scientific hypotheses and analyses come from.

Here I might also note that ideology, theology, and nationalism often influence the manner in which archaeological data is interpreted [15]. When I first became interested in the dating of the Sphinx a friend who had lived in Egypt for several years warned me that I might run into such hostility if I dared to suggest that the Sphinx could be even older than already believed.

Initially I did not believe him, but now I tend to think he may have been correct. Many of the Islamic militants and fundamentalists who are currently attempting to take over the government of Egypt want to destroy all the statues and monuments of ancient Egypt.

Fundamental Islam bans representational art, and all civilization that predates the prophet Mohammed is considered idolatrous. To suggest that portions of the Sphinx are even older than traditionally thought, implying a sophisticated society that existed even earlier in time, only rubs salt in the open sores of fundamentalists who must face at least until they can destroy them the magnificent remains of pharaonic culture.

Over all, I have found that Egyptology is a fascinating, but emotionally charged, discipline. My training as a scientist did not fully prepare me for the strong personalities that I would confront among the ranks of Egyptophiles. Since becoming involved in research concerning the age of the Sphinx I have discovered that I am not the only scientist to have had a less than positive initial experience when dealing with Egyptologists.

The Egyptologist is initially suspicious; he often rejects results out of hand, and is unwilling to work with scientific data. He believes that he can do better with his own methodology. If there are different scientific results obtained from the same material, the Egyptologist is often not in a position to determine which is most probable. Here I do not mean to posit a blanket criticism against all Egyptologists.

Rather, I believe it is important to note that the traditional methodologies used by many Egyptologists often differ in a fundamental manner from the approaches and methodologies used by practitioners in the natural sciences.

At the American Association for the Advancement of Science debate on the age of the Sphinx, for instance, I became quite aware that my adversary, Dr. Lehner is an Egyptologist and approaches problems and data from that bias.

Perhaps it is time to inject a little more science into Egyptology and see what happens. We might witness some interesting developments. The latter paper was an invited contribution to a symposium convened especially by the AAAS to discuss my redating of the Great Sphinx. Mark Lehner and K. Lal Gauri, were unable to successfully refute my older date for the Great Sphinx. The editors of OMNI realized how controversial the topic was, so they invited my critics, in the form of Lehner and Gauri, to write a rebuttal to my work.

At first they eagerly agreed to write such a piece, but after months of delay, they refused. Schoch, , Reconsidering the Sphinx. While most Egyptologists have violently disagreed, at least initially, with my conclusions regarding the antiquity of the Great Sphinx, there have been exceptions. This article also includes a sidebar and two photographs that I contributed p.

This is only a partial listing; reputedly the story was covered or reprinted in hundreds of papers around the world, and also mentioned on a number of radio and television shows. This video was aired over various television stations in May and June, Hoagland, The Monuments of Mars: Smith, , Hugh Lynn Cayce: Cayce Schwartzer, and D. Richards, , Mysteries of Atlantis Revisited. Harper and Row, San Francisco.

Schwaller de Lubicz, [translated by A. Inner Traditions International, New York. Richards, , Archaeological anomalies in the Bahamas. Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont, California. Interestingly, not only Lehner has former A. Zahi Hawass was also in part supported and patronized by members of the A. I personally do not put any stock in psychic readings, stories of Atlantis, or the like, but Lehner's and Hawass's, for that matter past associations with the A.

Given Lehner's and Hawass's A. Maybe it is because of their former connections that they are so sensitive about such issues. I, on the other hand, having never had such connections in the first place, worry little about where the inspiration for scientific hypotheses and analyses come from. Here I might also note that ideology, theology, and nationalism often influence the manner in which archaeological data is interpreted [15]. When I first became interested in the dating of the Sphinx a friend who had lived in Egypt for several years warned me that I might run into such hostility if I dared to suggest that the Sphinx could be even older than already believed.

Initially I did not believe him, but now I tend to think he may have been correct. Many of the Islamic militants and fundamentalists who are currently attempting to take over the government of Egypt want to destroy all the statues and monuments of ancient Egypt.

Fundamental Islam bans representational art, and all civilization that predates the prophet Mohammed is considered idolatrous. To suggest that portions of the Sphinx are even older than traditionally thought, implying a sophisticated society that existed even earlier in time, only rubs salt in the open sores of fundamentalists who must face at least until they can destroy them the magnificent remains of pharaonic culture.

Over all, I have found that Egyptology is a fascinating, but emotionally charged, discipline. My training as a scientist did not fully prepare me for the strong personalities that I would confront among the ranks of Egyptophiles. Since becoming involved in research concerning the age of the Sphinx I have discovered that I am not the only scientist to have had a less than positive initial experience when dealing with Egyptologists.

Germer [16] has astutely noted that "In the past, cooperation between the natural sciences and Egyptology has not necessarily been successful in every case. The Egyptologist is initially suspicious; he often rejects results out of hand, and is unwilling to work with scientific data. He believes that he can do better with his own methodology.

If there are different scientific results obtained from the same material, the Egyptologist is often not in a position to determine which is most probable. Often it is a matter of choosing those 'scientific' data that best suit a particular theory, without really knowing whether they are reliable or not.

Here I do not mean to posit a blanket criticism against all Egyptologists. Rather, I believe it is important to note that the traditional methodologies used by many Egyptologists often differ in a fundamental manner from the approaches and methodologies used by practitioners in the natural sciences.

At the American Association for the Advancement of Science debate on the age of the Sphinx, for instance, I became quite aware that my adversary, Dr.

Lehner, may be a very bright and competent Egyptologist, but he does not "think like a scientist. Lehner is an Egyptologist and approaches problems and data from that bias. Perhaps it is time to inject a little more science into Egyptology and see what happens.

We might witness some interesting developments. The latter paper was an invited contribution to a symposium convened especially by the AAAS to discuss my redating of the Great Sphinx. Mark Lehner and K. Lal Gauri, were unable to successfully refute my older date for the Great Sphinx.

The editors of OMNI realized how controversial the topic was, so they invited my critics, in the form of Lehner and Gauri, to write a rebuttal to my work. At first they eagerly agreed to write such a piece, but after months of delay, they refused. Schoch, , Reconsidering the Sphinx.

While most Egyptologists have violently disagreed, at least initially, with my conclusions regarding the antiquity of the Great Sphinx, there have been exceptions. West is the person who first got me involved in redating the Great Sphinx; in this article he succinctly tells the human story behind the Sphinx research. This article also includes a sidebar and two photographs that I contributed p. This is only a partial listing; reputedly the story was covered or reprinted in hundreds of papers around the world, and also mentioned on a number of radio and television shows.

This video was aired over various television stations in May and June, West, , The Case for Astrology. Viking Arkana, London and New York. Tompkins, , Secrets of the Great Pyramid. Sitchin, , "Forgery" in the Great Pyramid. Hoagland, The Monuments of Mars: Smith, , Hugh Lynn Cayce: About My Father's Business. Cayce Schwartzer, and D. Richards, , Mysteries of Atlantis Revisited. Harper and Row, San Francisco.

Schwaller de Lubicz, [translated by A. Inner Traditions International, New York.

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sphinx dating controversy

For the latest from the frontiers of science, check http: Harper and Row, San Francisco.

sphinx dating controversy

I, on the other hand, having never had such connections in the first place, worry little about where the inspiration for scientific hypotheses and analyses come from. Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from May The reason this evidence is "not relevant" to my critics is that they cannot accept the implications of the evidence.

sphinx dating controversy

The first documented attempt at an excavation dates to c. The Grolier Society Publishers, London. West,Serpent revised editionp. Admittedly some sphinx dating controversy my early problems with the Egyptological community seem to have stemmed from the fact that I was introduced, by way of a colleague Dr. The Great Sphinx dating controversy is one of the world's largest and oldest datkng, but basic facts about it are still subject to debate, such as when it was built, by whom and for what purpose. Silberman,Between Past and Present: Yet high class online dating it right for a woman dating a younger man even with contorversy 18 year.